Health is a fundamental human right which should be enjoyed by all people, and investment in health aimed at achieving universal health coverage (UHC) is the foundation for national development.
In 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 70/1, “Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” which reaffirmed that achieving UHC would ensure healthy lives and well-being for all people.
However, nearly half of the earth’s population is still unable to access basic healthcare services, and 100 million people fall into poverty each year due to heavy burden of medical expenses. It is clear that we must accelerate our efforts to achieve the 2030 Agenda.
To build up the momentum towards the achievement of UHC, in 2017, the Government of Japan, World Bank, WHO, UNICEF, UHC2030, and JICA jointly held the UHC forum 2017 and adopted the Tokyo Declaration on Universal Health Coverage which aims to highlight the importance of enhancing political momentum in international fora and jointly mobilizing political leadership around the world, increased alignment of efforts among all development partners through country-led, multi-stakeholder coordination.
The United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting on UHC will be held in September 2019, however based on the current state of progress, it will be difficult to achieve UHC by 2030. There is a need to evaluate of our achievements to date, so that we accelerate our work to overcome these challenges and achieve UHC by 2030.
Discussing what efforts need to be taken and how a country could overcome challenges in the course of achieving UHC by sharing country level efforts and experiences to build sustainable health system for UHC.
In particular, the plenary aims to share the efforts of and challenges faced by high-level political leaders, such as Heads of States, Ministers of Finance, and Ministers of Health in promoting UHC in their countries.